Armchair H-221

This product has been sold and is not available
Dimensions: 64 × 78 × 80 cm
(W × H × D)
Designer: Jindřich Halabala
Manufacturer: UP Závody
Country: Czechoslovakia
Decade: 1930s
P. number: 2106013A
Condition: After complete renovation

Armchair model H-221, designed by Jindřich Halabala in the 1930s for the company Uměleckoprůmyslové Závody. The birth of modern tubular steel furniture design dates back to 1925, when Marcel Breuer constructed his first prototype armchair using the material. After 1930, interest in tubular steel furniture grew steadily, and it began to be used not only in functionalist interiors but also in mass-produced pieces aimed at the broader public.

The ingenuity of Halabala’s designs lay in his utilization of the spring-like properties of steel tubing to create constructions based on a single, curved line. His decision to design a chair without front legs was due to the issue of suspension. He said, “In the earlier models, the flexibility was one-sided. With these chairs, the design is chosen so that the chairs have the same range of backward and forward flexibility. This avoids the falling sensation that one felt with backward springing chairs.” Halabala saw steel furniture as a light and transparent alternative to earlier wooden designs. Halabala's most important models date from 1931, so his work was at the forefront of the development of the industry and became some of the most well-known and exclusive furniture of its kind.

These two particular armchairs underwent a complete refurbishment in our workshop. The wooden parts have been refinished with a matte coating of natural oils and waxes. Our restoration of the cushions involved replacing all of the horsehair and natural plant fibre stuffing while preserving the original spring system.